Enamel Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

  • Enamel Erosion Causes
  • Enamel Erosion Symptoms
  • Enamel Erosion Treatment and Repair

Enamel Erosion Causes

Erosion of the tooth enamel is one of the many causes of tooth pain. Tooth erosion occurs when excess acid wears away the tooth enamel, which is the hard, outer layer that gives teeth their structure. In general, the calcium that occurs naturally in saliva will help neutralize the acid in the foods you eat and protect your tooth enamel from erosion. But if you consume a lot of highly acidic foods or drinks, the calcium in your saliva may not be able to keep up. Pure fruit juice and any type of carbonated drink (even diet soda) are highly acidic, so if you drink large amounts of these beverages, you may be increasing your risk for tooth erosion.

Enamel Erosion Symptoms

Symptoms of tooth erosion include the following:

  • Tooth Pain: If your enamel is wearing away, your teeth may be more sensitive to hot and cold food.
  • Discoloration: Your teeth may appear more yellow because more of the dentin (the layer under the enamel) is exposed.
  • Transparency: Your front teeth may look transparent near the edges where you bite.
  • Cracks and Cups: If the tooth enamel starts to erode, your teeth may develop cracks and small dents along the chewing surface.

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Enamel Erosion Treatment and Repair

You can reduce your risk for tooth enamel erosion by keeping acidic foods to a minimum. If you drink carbonated drinks or fruit juice, use a straw to minimize the drink’s contact with your teeth or drink them with meals. Chewing sugar-free gum helps by encouraging your mouth to produce more saliva to help the teeth recover from exposure to excess acid.

To help protect and restore your enamel be sure to follow a complete oral hygiene routine of:

Brush teeth twice a day with a fluoridated toothpaste like Crest Gum and Enamel Repair Toothpaste. Its unique formula targets the gumline to neutralize plaque bacteria and prevent gingivitis while also repairing weakened enamel. To further protect enamel and gums, switch to an electric toothbrush like the Oral-B iO Series which removes 100% more plaque than a manual while also protecting your gums.

Floss at least once a day to remove food particles and plaque. Pair standard string floss with the Oral-B Water Flosser Advanced which features customizable intensities to help remove plaque bacteria and leftover food particles.

See your dentist every six months for professional cleanings and checkups.

From Oral-B, the #1 dentist-recommended toothbrush, worldwide.


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